The world is very different in 2021 than it was in 2011. Countries have emerged as global powers, while others have fallen away. The United States has been a major player since the end of World War II, but now there are doubts about whether and how it intends to lead. In order for the US foreign policy to maintain its position as a global power into the next decade, these strategic goals must be accomplished.
Current Problems of the United States
The global power dynamics are constantly shifting and the geopolitical realities of today may be vastly different from what they were decades ago. Major issues such as:
- Global pandemics,
- Climate change,
These problems transcend national borders and require a collaborative effort to solve them before it’s too late. Policymakers have long argued that not all threats facing our country can be solved at home; some will need international cooperation beyond diplomacy or military solutions.
People have been advising Washington to change its ways for years, but the US has a history of not listening. This time is no different as they continue their neglectful actions and are now at risk because other countries will try to take control if we don’t do something soon.
In 2021, the United States will have to make tough decisions on every continent.
The US Political Problems: To the Middle East
The Middle East is a region that the United States has dominated for decades, but now it seems to be in realignment with minimal U.S. input as new regional alliances emerge.
Moreover, powerful countries like Saudi Arabia begin asserting themselves more aggressively on their own terms without Washington’s agreement or understanding.
The US Political Problems: To Europe
Europe is at a crossroads. From its unity and influence to financial stresses, it faces a multitude of challenges that could put an end to decades worth of peace. The United States needs to understand how much Europe has benefited from their engagement in order for them not only to be able to contribute but also continue strengthening this relationship with our ally despite these struggles they are facing internally as well as outside factors such as migration or Brexit.
The US Political Problems: To Russia
The United States is in an interesting position today because of the issue with Russia. What has made them toxic to us, and vice versa? While it may seem like this would be a difficult thing for American policymakers on how best to go about handling foreign relations with that country, there are plenty of ways we could still interact without bringing negative attention back onto ourselves or our allies.
For example, terrorism can be something both nations agree needs more focus which means they have common ground!
Russia’s election interference makes America reluctant when dealing outwardly with their government but as long as Russian aggression stops at meddling then U.S policies should not only remain consistent but find new engagement opportunities where interests coincide such as combating terrorist organizations together around the world.
The US Political Problems: To Latin America
Latin America and Africa in 2021 present a diverse set of problems. Latin American countries, which have experienced democratic resurgences since the 1990s, are now feeling widespread dissatisfaction with their current governments as well as authoritarian regimes like Venezuela and Nicaragua. Meanwhile, on the African continent, there is both good news (such as South Africa’s success) coupled with bad news such for example terrorism flourishing throughout ungoverned areas of Sahel.
The US Political Problems: To China
China has been a pervasive challenge for the United States in economy and politics since it emerged as an economic and military power in the early 1990s. Now, with China poised to surpass U.S. GDP by 2020, managing this relationship is one of our most pressing challenges-and success will greatly impact other areas such as trade policy or international climate change regulation (Ibid). Here are four realities that must be taken into account while navigating these complicated waters:
- First, it has been a long-dominant American notion that simply supporting China’s rise would ultimately make it the “responsible stakeholder” many envisioned in international trade and in the global order created mainly by America after WWII.
Although President Xi’s statements are open to interpretation, these and China’s actions have made them difficult to read any other way than deep dissatisfaction with the current global order or even desire for replacing it all together as soon as possible.
- Second, it’s often said that China is the country to watch. It seems like they’re everywhere these days and their power in global trade can’t be ignored. They’ve taken on big-time manufacturing, accounting for about 30% of all products made at home or abroad – more than any other nation on Earth!
And it doesn’t seem likely that this trend will slow anytime soon either; if anything, production rates are only going up with time passing by as we speak.
Due to statistical research, China has also become one of our major trading partners worldwide due to its significant growth over the past few decades and contribution to world economies seen today (30%). Increasingly so have people been looking towards Beijing when making future predictions because analysts believe there won’t be a slowing development in the future.
- Third, China, the country that just overtook India as America’s top trading partner in June 2016 and is currently a ticking time bomb threatening to take over our spot atop global superpowers.
Specifically, China plans to double its nuclear arsenal within 10 years – that means they will have about 400 nuclear warheads capable of hitting us (keeping in mind we only have 3,800 ourselves)!
The U.S., meanwhile, still has no major military competition but for these threats from this rising superpower who wants nothing more than world domination.
- Four, China is looking to take a more active role in shaping the future of globalization. Some examples such as:
They are building alliances across Asia, Europe, and Africa by utilizing their Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) which has transformed China into an economic powerhouse.
Beijing’s AIIB initiative also increased its international prestige amongst many world powers due to widespread support from American allies such as Australia who signed on last year saying “…we welcome this new opportunity for infrastructure investment.”
In the wake of American withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Trade Partnership, China threw its weight behind a comparable pact – RCEP. Packed with many nations and offering favorable trade deals to member states, RCEP has been seen as an alternative for countries that are less than thrilled about joining TPP while it languishes in uncertainty.
Key Objectives of US Foreign Policy in the Future
The key objective for American leadership in 2021 is to correct the confusion and disorientation – worldwide – about whether and how the U.S. intends to lead after a period of withdrawal from or neglect of multilateral settings.
The U.S needs to rejuvenate traditional alliances with other nations around the world through either bilateral or regional agreements that will help strengthen long-term peacekeeping efforts on a global level.
Strengthen long-term partnerships globally
The United States has an edge over its competitors because of the vast number and strength of alliances with other countries. While most nations can’t form these, America is able to do it seamlessly thanks in part to our natural and man-made gifts at home that inspire allies abroad.
These values-based alliances are crucial for American foreign policy as they provide a force multiplier that will pave the way for all else Washington needs to achieve on international affairs by 2021.
Take more actions to improve the environmental problem
When we talk about climate change, the US is the only country that can make a difference on global issues such as climate change. The earth’s temperature will rise from 2° C to 3-4°C over 80 years unless we take action now, but with current trends of greenhouse gas emissions accelerating this could be much sooner than anticipated which would result in catastrophic consequences for our planet and all its inhabitants.
Appropriate actions with China
A sound strategy for U.S. foreign policy is to avoid economically decoupling from China like many propose as the only way forward, given that our two economies are too entangled for this realistic plan to work in any case.
The collected data depict the average trade between us amounts on a yearly basis across all goods (ranging from electronics and food) to more than $500 billion ($200 bn of which comes back again). With computer chips alone accounting for another 300 billion annually – not even counting what we buy or sell each other when it’s time to add some new gadgets around the house.
China is a rapidly-changing country with its own unique set of challenges. We need to be able to adjust our political strategy as we go, but there are some basic principles that will help us succeed in the long run:
- Be committed to a robust, whole-of-government approach that will empower the American people on all fronts.
- Increase its diplomatic, military, and economic ties with China to foster mutual understanding of the two nations’ cultures and improve conflict resolution between them.
- Make an effort to strengthen its alliances with other nations in the past few decades, aiming to work cooperatively with China and not just defend against it.
- Give priority to enhancing deterrence by focusing on aspects of defense acquisition and planning that do so best, including space capabilities in the future warfighting domain as well as ensuring continuity with existing weapons platforms.
4. Take Russia into consideration
There are very few decisions in our lives that do not lead to some sort of conflict. When we think about the government, it’s often a heated debate between two sides who want different things for their country; one side typically being more liberal and concerned with human rights while the other tends towards conservatism and worries over jobs.
It is no surprise then when an article like this comes out discussing how America should interact with Russia – which has been considered both friend or foe depending on what part of history you look at – but I suppose it doesn’t hurt to try something new before they resort back to military action again.
It is clear that the United States has many issues to address in order to remain competitive on a global scale. The information provided here provides some of the current problems, objectives and strategies for US foreign policy in 2021, and what we need to do as Americans now so that our country can meet its goals by 2021.
Our work will not be finished until there are no more wars or poverty around the world but it starts with each one of us taking responsibility for ourselves and making sure we’re doing everything possible towards these common goals. We hope you’ll take this opportunity to learn about how your actions affect our future success.